Gingivitis is where the gums around the teeth are inflamed and can bleed easily especially when flossed. It does not involve any loss of bone around the teeth and can be resolved by a combination of improved cleaning techniques (gently brushing and daily flossing) as well as having your teeth cleaned by a dentist or hygienist.
Periodontitis is a more advanced form of gum disease and thus more serious. It is characterised by loss of attachment of gum ligaments from the teeth with subsequent loss of bone supporting those teeth.
If it is left untreated it can lead to teeth becoming loose and having to be removed.
Your dentist checks for these issues at every routine exam and once gum disease is identified a treatment plan is discussed and agreed with the patient. This plan will involve going through the best way to brush your teeth as well as how to floss and discussion about the different types of interdental cleaning methods available.
The dentist may advise an appointment with our hygienist to clean away the stains and tartar deposits which build up on teeth and contain bacteria harmful to the gums.
In some severe cases a referral to a gum specialist may be required (known as a Periodontist).
Loss of bone around teeth cannot unfortunately be reversed, but can be stabilised with treatment and a daily cleaning regime.